ALPHONSE

As Belgian Defence is now in a fast pace integrating new Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) / drone systems into its operations, it is developing also a doctrine to manage and deploy these RPAS systems in a safe way. This research study seeks to support the actors within Belgian Defence in this process by developing a strategy to incorporate human factors in the evaluation of RPAS and RPAS operators. A qualitative and quantitative benchmarking tool based on standardized test methodologies will be developed, integrated into a realistic simulation environment.

This will enable:

  • On-the-job pilot training in a safe simulation environment with qualitative and quantitative assessment of the pilot skills, which will support the military training of Belgian Defence RPAS pilots
  • A simulation tool for the quick risk assessment for the certification of novel RPAS systems, providing support to the Belgian Military Airworthiness Agency (MR-SYS)
  • A simulation tool for commanders in the field to practice for certain risky operations before deploying the real RPAS, thereby minimizing risks and operational losses

Royal Higher Institute for Defence

with support from the VIAS institute

2019 – 2022

0.4 M€

Daniela Doroftei

Hans De Smet

Project Publications

2020

  • D. Doroftei, G. De Cubber, and H. De Smet, “Reducing drone incidents by incorporating human factors in the drone and drone pilot accreditation process," in 11th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2020), San Diego, USA, 2020.
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF] [DOI]

    Considering the ever-increasing use of drones in a plentitude of application areas, the risk is that also an ever-increasing number of drone incidents would be ob-served. Research has shown that a large majority of all incidents with drones is due not to technological, but to human error. An advanced risk-reduction meth-odology, focusing on the human element, is thus required in order to allow for the safe use of drones. In this paper, we therefore introduce a novel concept to pro-vide a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the performance of the drone op-erator. The proposed methodology is based on one hand upon the development of standardized test methodologies and on the other hand on human performance modeling of the drone operators in a highly realistic simulation environment.

    @InProceedings{doroftei2020alphonse,
    author = {Doroftei, Daniela and De Cubber, Geert and De Smet, Hans},
    booktitle = {11th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2020)},
    title = {Reducing drone incidents by incorporating human factors in the drone and drone pilot accreditation process},
    year = {2020},
    month = jul,
    organization = {AHFE},
    publisher = {Springer},
    address = {San Diego, USA},
    abstract = {Considering the ever-increasing use of drones in a plentitude of application areas, the risk is that also an ever-increasing number of drone incidents would be ob-served. Research has shown that a large majority of all incidents with drones is due not to technological, but to human error. An advanced risk-reduction meth-odology, focusing on the human element, is thus required in order to allow for the safe use of drones. In this paper, we therefore introduce a novel concept to pro-vide a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the performance of the drone op-erator. The proposed methodology is based on one hand upon the development of standardized test methodologies and on the other hand on human performance modeling of the drone operators in a highly realistic simulation environment.},
    doi = {10.5281/zenodo.3742201},
    project = {Alphonse},
    url = {http://mecatron.rma.ac.be/pub/2020/Reducing%20drone%20incidents%20by%20incorporating%20human%20factors%20in%20the%20drone%20and%20drone%20pilot%20accreditation%20process.pdf},
    }

2019

  • D. Doroftei and H. De Smet, “Evaluating Human Factors for Drone Operations using Simulations and Standardized Tests," in 10th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2019), Washington DC, USA, 2019.
    [BibTeX] [Abstract] [Download PDF] [DOI]

    This poster publication presents an overview of the Alphonse project on the development of new training curricula to reduce the number of drone incidents due to human error.

    @InProceedings{doroftei2019alphonse,
    author = {Doroftei, Daniela and De Smet, Han},
    booktitle = {10th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2019)},
    title = {Evaluating Human Factors for Drone Operations using Simulations and Standardized Tests},
    year = {2019},
    month = jul,
    organization = {AHFE},
    publisher = {Springer},
    address = {Washington DC, USA},
    abstract = {This poster publication presents an overview of the Alphonse project on the development of new training curricula to reduce the number of drone incidents due to human error.},
    doi = {10.5281/zenodo.3742199},
    project = {Alphonse},
    url = {http://mecatron.rma.ac.be/pub/2019/Poster_Alphonse_Print.pdf},
    }